Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
The Jammu & Kashmir National Conference is a political party in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Led at the time of independence in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah, it dominated electoral politics in the state for many decades. It has been led subsequently by the Sheikh's son Farooq Abdullah and now by his son Omar Abdullah.
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party
The Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party is a political party based in Jammu and Kashmir. Bhim Singh is the party chief. Harsh Dev Singh, Bhim Singh, the main leader of the party. He has been elected twice as MLA. He was also elected the education minister of the state coalision government of Congress and PDP.
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party
The Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party was founded in 1999 by the former Union home minister Mufti Mohammed Sayeed, and captured power in the state in the October 2002 assembly elections. Since 2004, it has one member each in the Lok Sabha and in the Rajya Sabha. It is a member of the ruling United Progressive Alliance. The party is presently headed by Mehbooba Mufti, while Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, who headed the PDP-Congress coalition government between October 2002 and November 2005, is the party's patron.
The Samajwadi Party is based in Uttar Pradesh and describes itself as a democratic socialist party. It was founded on October 4, 1992. It is one of several parties that emerged when the erstwhile Janata Dal, India's primary opposition party prior to the BJP, was fragmented into several regional parties. Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, a former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Mizo National Front
The Mizo National Front emerged out of the Mizo Famine Front, which was formed by Pu Laldenga to protest against the inaction of the central government towards the famine situation in the Mizo areas of Assam in 1959. In September 1960, the body adopted the name of Mizo National Famine Front (MNFF). The MNFF gained considerable popularity as a large number of Mizo youth assisted in transporting rice and other essential commodities to interior villages. It was converted into Mizo National Front on October 22, 1961.
Mizoram People's Conference
Mizoram People's Conference was formed by Brig. T. Sailo in the 1970s. Sailo is the party chairman and has been the chief minister of the state. Sailo also formed the Mizo Janata Dal, but later revived MPC. MPC is part of the Mizoram Secular Force.
Zoram Nationalist Party
Zoram Nationalist Party, formerly Mizo National Front (Nationalist), is led by former Member of Parliament Lalduhoma. MNF(N) was formed in 1997 through a split in the Mizo National Front. ZNP is a member of the Mizoram Secular Force, the opposition front in the state.